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Prediction of lymph node metastasis by PET/CT metabolic parameters in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

PET/CT Updates, Research & Education
August 2019

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the capability of F-FDG PET/computed tomography (CT)-related metabolic parameters to predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) and occult lymph node metastasis (OLNM) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

Methods

Totally 84 patients undergoing curative esophagectomy with lymph node dissection were enrolled in this study. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) was measured using threshold-based methods with a threshold of 40% maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). The derivative of the volume (V)-threshold (T) function (volume difference/threshold difference) was defined as the heterogeneity factor (HF). In addition, SUVmax, SUVmean, total lesion glycolysis (TLG), maximum tumor-to-blood SUV ratio (SURmax), SURmean and several clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed to identify risk factors of LNM and OLNM.

Results

SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV, TLG, SURmax, SURmean and HF were significantly different between LNM (+) and LNM (-). The optimal cut-off values of those parameters were 12.5, 8.34, 15.01, 117.185, 7.885, 4.855 and 0.300, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that MTV (OR = 1.127, P = 0.04) and SURmax (OR = 1.446, P = 0.004) were independent predictors of LNM, with sensitivity and specificity were 51.2%, 83.7% vs. 53.7%, 79.1%. In univariate and multivariate analysis, MTV was the sole parameter associated with OLMN (P = 0.024).

Conclusion

MTV and SURmax were statistically significant predictors of LNM in patients with ESCC, while MTV was a predictor of OLNM. High SURmax and MTV may indicate that the treatment planning should be tailored, which may improve patient prognosis.

Source: Nucl Med Commun. 2019 Jul 22. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0000000000001050.
< https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31343610 > Retrieved 14 August 2019.

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